Mark W. Schwartz

Conservation science for climate change adaptation



Office: 2108 Wickson
Department of Environmental Science & Policy
1 Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
Phone: (530) 752-0671
Fax: (530) 752-3350


Iara Lacher -- patterns of rarity in plants and climate change.

Susana Cardenas -- assessing the capacity of tourism to foster marine conservation in the Galapagos.

Casey Peters --Grassland Restoration ecology in coastal California.

Jill Spear. rarity, conservation and geofloras of California.


Director, John Muir Institute of Environment, July 1, 2009-

Chair, Graduate Group in Ecology, 2004-2009.

Board of Governors, Society for Conservation Biology, 2006-2009.

Faculty affiliate, Center for Population Biology

Faculty affiliate,. John Muir Center for the Environment

Former graduate students

Sophia Gehlhausen (MS- 1994). MS. The ecology of forest edges.

Ron Panzer (PhD -1996). Northeastern University. Fire and insect conservation in Midwestern prairies.

Jennifer Riggle (MS -1998).

Phil van Mantgem (PhD - 2000). Forests, climate change and fire. USGS Biological Resources Division. Arcata, CA.

Christy Brigham (PhD - 2003). Natural Resource Ecologist. Santa Monica National Recreation Area.

Kelly Lyons (PhD- 2003). Trinity University, San Antonia, TX. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in grassland systems.

Jason Hoeksema (PhD - 2004). University of Mississippi. Linking fungal and plant community ecology.

Sarah Otterstrom (PhD - 2006). Paso Pacifico, A Nicaragua based conservation NGO.  Founder and President.

Michele Mills (PhD - 2006). Geographical and taxonomic patterns of rarity. High school teacher, San Antonio, TX.

Tasila Banda (PhD- 2007). Old world Dry tropical forest ecology.

Susan Cameron (PhD - 2008). Multi-species conservation planning in a spatial context. Post-doctoral Associate. University of Florida.

Elizabeth Bella (PhD - 2009). Invasive species biology an d climate change. Lincoln University, New Zealand.

John Williams (PhD - 2009). UC Davis. Tropical Forest Ecology.

Tuyeni Mwampamba (PhD - 2009)--UNAM - Morelia. Climate change and  forest conservation.

Christopher Dolanc (PhD- 2011)-- . University of Montana. climate change and sub-alpine forest vegetation


Former Post Doctoral Associates

Dr. Rob Blair. Professor. University of Minnesota.

Dr. Diane Thomson. Associate Professor. Claremont College.

Dr. Felipe Dominguez Lozano. Lecturer. Universidad Autonoma de Madrid.


I am a plant ecologist with diverse, primarily conservation-oriented interests. My main research projects include: (a) assessing climate change adaptation strategies for montane and coastal environments in California; (b) assessing patterns in the geographic and taxonomic distribution of rare plants in the US and Canada; (c) modeling distribution shifts in species under climate change; and (d) assessing the challenges posed by climate change with respect to managed relocation of conservation targets; and (e) conservation decision makng.

I have ongoing long-term monitoring projects on mapped forest plot community dynamics (1986-present) and the population dynamics of the endangered tree, Torreya taxifolia, (1989-present), both in northern Florida.

also see:

(A) A possibly current blog:             

(B) The Cnservation Management Degree Certificate Site:

(C) The John Muir Institute of the Environment:

(D) the Southwest Climate Science Center: website under construction




Schwartz, M.W. Using niche models with climate projections to inform conservation management decisions. Biological Conservation 155:149-156.

Schwartz, M.W. Deiner, K., Forrester, T., Grof-Tisza, P. Muir, M.J., Santos, M.J., Souza, L.E., Wilkerson, M.L., Zylberberg, M. Perspectives on the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation. Biological Conservation. 155:169-177.

de Mazancourt, C. and Schwartz M.W. 2012. Starve a competitor: evolution of luxury consumption as a competitive strategy. Theoretical Ecology, 5(1): 37-49.

Schwartz, M.W., Hellmann, J.J., McLachlan, J.M. , Sax D.F., Borevitz, J.O., Brennan, J., Camacho, A.E. , Ceballos, G., Clark, J.R., Doremus, H., Early, R., Etterson, J.R., Fielder, D., Gill, J.L., Gonzalez, P., Green, N., Hannah, L., Jamieson, D.W., Javeline. D., Minteer, B.A., Odenbaugh, J., Polasky, S., Richardson, D.M., Root, T.L., Safford, H.D., Sala, O., Schneider, S.H., Thompson, A.R., Williams, J.W., Vellend, M., Vitt, P., Zellmer, S. In Press. Managed relocation: integrating the scientific, regulatory and ethical challenges. Bioscience 62: 732-743.


Dominguez-Lozano, F., Moreno-Saiz, J.C., and M.W. Schwartz. 2011. Demographic modeling and monitoring cycle in a long-lived endangered shrub. J for Nature Conservation 19:330-338.

Duncan, R. P., S. E. Clemants, R. T. Corlett, A. K. Hahs, M. A. McCarthy, M. J. McDonnell, M. W. Schwartz, K. Thompson, P. A. Vesk, and N. S. G. Williams. 2011. Plant traits and extinction in urban areas: a meta-analysis of 11 cities. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20:509-519.

Mwampamba, T. H., and M. W. Schwartz. 2011. The effects of cultivation history on forest recovery in fallows in the Eastern Arc Mountain, Tanzania. Forest Ecology and Management 261:1042-1052.


de Mazancourt, C., and M. W. Schwartz. 2010. A resource ratio theory of cooperation. Ecology Letters 13:349-359.

Lyons, K.G. A.M. Shapiro, Schwartz, M.W. 2010. Distribution and ecotypic variation of the invasive annual barb goatgrass (Aegilops triuncialis) on serpentine soil. Invasive Plant Science and Management 4:376-389.

Prasad, A. M., L. R. Iverson, M. P. Peters, J. M. Bossenbroek, S. N. Matthews, T. D. Sydnor, and M. W. Schwartz. 2010. Modeling the invasive emerald ash borer risk of spread using a spatially explicit cellular model. Landscape Ecology 25:353-369.

Sexton, J. P., M. W. Schwartz, and B. Winterhalder. 2010. Incorporating sociocultural adaptive capacity in conservation hotspot assessments. Diversity and Distributions 16:439-450.

Williams, J. N., J. H. Viers, and M. W. Schwartz. 2010. Tropical dry forest trees and the relationship between local abundance and geographic range. Journal of Biogeography 37:951-959.


Hahs, A. K., M. J. McDonnell, M. A. McCarthy, P. A. Vesk, R. T. Corlett, B. A. Norton, S. E. Clemants, R. P. Duncan, K. Thompson, M. W. Schwartz, and N. S. G. Williams. 2009. A global synthesis of plant extinction rates in urban areas. Ecology Letters 12:1165-1173.

Williams, N.S.G., Schwartz, M.W., Vesk P.A., McCarthy, M.A., Hahs, A.K., Clemants, S.E., Corlett, R.T., Norton, B. A., Thompson, K., McDonnell, M.D. 2009. A conceptual framework for predicting the effects of urban environments on plants. Journal of Ecology 97:4-9.

Williams, J.N., Seo, C., Thorne, J., Nelson, J.K., Erwin, S. O'Brien J.M., Schwartz, M.W. 2009. Using species distribution models to predict new occurrences for rare plants. Diversity and Distributions. In Press.

Richardson, D.M., Hellmann, J.J., Mclachlan, J., Sax, D.F., Schwartz, M.W., Brennan, J., Gonzalez, P., Root, T., Sala, O., Schneider, S. Ashe, D., Camacho, A., Clark, J.R., Early, R., Etterson, J., Fiedler, D. Gill, J., Polasky, S., Safford, H., Thompson, A., Vellend, M. Multidimensional evaluation of managed relocation. PNAS. In press.

Muir, M.J. and Schwartz, M.W. Graduate education in conservation: Academic training for a non-academic workplace. Conservation Biology 23:1357-1368.


     Banda, T. Mwangulango, N., Meyer, B. Schwartz, M.W., Mbago, F., Sungula, M. and Caro, T.M. 2008. The woodland vegetation of the Katavi-Rukwa ecosystem in western Tanzania. Forest Ecology and Management 255:3382-3395.

    Schwartz, M.W. 2008. The performance of the Endangered Species Act. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 39:279-299.

     Lawson, D.M., Lamar, C.K. and Schwartz , M.W. 2008. Quantifying plant population persistence in human dominated landscapes. Conservation Biology 22: 922-928.

     Schwartz, M.W.; Hunter, M.J. Jr., Boersma, P.D. 2008. Scientific Societies in the 21st century: a membership crisis? Conservation Biology 22:1087-1089.


     McLachlan, J.S., Hellmann, J.J. and M.W. Schwartz. 2007. A framework for debate of assisted migration in an era of climate change. Conservation Biology 21: 297-302.

      Lozano FD, Saiz JCM, Ollero HS, and M.W. Schwartz. 2007. Effects of dynamic taxonomy on rare species and conservation listing: insights from the Iberian vascular flora. Biodiversity and   Conservation 16: 4039-4050.


Otterstrom, S.M., Schwartz, M.W., Velázquez-Rocha, I. Life history responses to fire in selected tropical dry forest trees. Biotropica. 38:592-598.


Iverson, L.R. A.M. Prasad and M.W. Schwartz. 2005. Predicting potential changes in suitable habitat and distribution by 2100 for tree species of the eastern United States. J. Agricultural Meteorology 61:29-37.




updated: 23 September 2012                              

Environmental Science and Policy, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616